بکارگیری روش Fuzzy-AHP و سنجش از دور در مکان یابی استحصال آب از رطوبت هوا با استفاده از سیستم چگالشی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه جغرافیایی طبیعی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه جغرافیایی طبیعی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

چکیده

استفاده از روش‌های مناسب برای مکان‌یابی و ارزیابی تناسب اراضی جهت بهینه سازی فعالیت‌های انسانی اهمیت ویژه‌ای دارد. در این پژوهش باهدف استفاده از روش‌های تصمیم‌گیری چند معیاره فازی در مکان‌یابی استحصال آب از رطوبت هوا با استفاده از روش سیستم چگالشی در استان هرمزگان به‌منظور ارزش‌گذاری معیارها و تعیین مکان‌های بهینه انجام پذیرفته است. بدین منظور، ابتدا معیارهای رطوبت هوا و دمای هوا با استفاده از تصاویر ماهواره‌ای و نوع خاک، دمای 50 سانتیمتری زیرزمین و سرعت باد با استفاده از داده‌های زمینی جمع آوری شد. سپس اهمیت آن‌ها با روش تحلیل سلسله مراتبی به دست آمد. در ادامه با استفاده از توابع فازی Linear لایه اطلاعاتی فازی گردیده و در آخر با استفاده از تابع فازی گاما لایه‌ها تلفیق شدند. تناسب نهایی استان هرمزگان برای استحصال آب با استفاده از سیستم چگالشی به 5 طبقه بسیار مناسب، مناسب، متوسط، نامناسب و بسیار نامناسب طبقه بندی شده و نقشه پهنه بندی آن تهیه شد. نتایج ارزیابی تناسب اراضی نشان می‌دهد که 74/9 درصد منطقه مورد مطالعه که معادل 61/6613 کیلومتر مربع می‌باشد، در کلاس تناسب بسیار مناسب، حدود 57/18 درصد که معادل 85/12606 کیلومتر مربع می‌باشد در کلاس با تناسب مناسب، حدود 39/27 درصد منطقه که معادل 95/18597 کیلومتر مربع از منطقه را پوشش می‌دهد در کلاس متوسط، 55/17589 کیلومتر مربع که حدود 90/25 درصد از منطقه در طبقه نامناسب و در نهایت 41/18 درصد که معادل 29/12498 کیلومتر مربع است در کلاس بسیار نامناسب قرار می-گیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of Fuzzy-AHP and Remote Sensing in Localizing Water Extraction from Air Humidity using Condensing System

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masihullah Mohammadi 1
  • Behrouz Sobhani 2
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Natural Geography, Faculty of Social Sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran.
2 Professor, Department of Natural Geography, Faculty of Social Sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Utilization of appropriate methods for localizing and performing land suitability assessment to optimize human activities is very important issue. Using fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making methods, this study intends to evaluate the criteria and determine suitable locations for water extraction from air through condensing systems in Hormozgan province. To this end, first air humidity and temperature related data were collected using satellite photos and the soil type, soil temperature (at 50 cm depth) and wind velocity data were collected using ground datasets. At the next stage, they were prioritized in terms of significance through hierarchical analysis method. Then, fuzzy linear functions were applied to data layers which, later on, were combined using fuzzy gamma function. The suitability of Hormozgan province for water extraction using condensing system was ranked at five categories of very good, good, moderate, poor and very poor and its zonation map was prepared. The results of land suitability assessment indicate that 9.75% of the studied area (about 6613.61 km2) falls in very good class, 18.57% (equal to 12606.85 km2) in good class, 27.39% (18597.95 km2) in moderate class, 25.90% (17589.55 km2) in poor and finally 18.41% (equal to 12498.29 km2) in very poor class.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Buried Pipes
  • Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Decision Making
  • Hormozgan Province
  • Satellite data
  • Suitability assessment
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