Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Civil Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Water Research Institute, Ministry of Energy, Tehran.
The concept of risk is considered as a method and technique in expressing the emergence and presentation of risks. There are different approaches to present this concept, one of these techniques is using the fishbone method. On the other hand, determining the risk without knowing the conceptual dimensions is meaningless, so the purpose of this study is to use a combination of brainstorming, SWOT and fish bone decision making methods to analyze the main causes of accidents and risks associated with canals, deal with details, categories classifying them and turning threats into opportunities. After holding brainstorming sessions to identify the damage to the canals, the SWOT matrix based on weaknesses, strengths, opportunities and threats was completed and the root causes were analyzed using the fishbone method. The results of the SWOT method showed that the proposed strategies should be defined as conservative strategies in terms of strength from the perspective of internal factors with a score of 2.57 and threats from the perspective of external factors with a score of 2.49. On the other hand, the results of the risks of using the aqueduct are divided into two categories: potential risks of the aqueduct and effective external risks, and the results indicate the high importance of technological risks with an average score of 7.85, which is why conservative strategies based on risk conditions were defined. The results and strategies presented in this study can provide appropriate management approaches to the trustees for the optimal use of this water source.