Investigation of the Effect of Permeable Obstacle on the Head Flux of Salt Density Current

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Civil Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.

2 Professor, Hydraulic Structures Department,, Faculty of Water and Environmental Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Water Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology ,Isfahan, Iran


Due to the high cost of construction of the dams, increasing the lifespan of this construction structure has been considered by water engineers. Sediments near the dam wall reduce the useful life of this structure. Constructing obstacles in the path of density currents be is one of the most widely used methods in controlling these sediments. In this study, the effect of permeable obstacles on density current head flux has been studied experimentally. The obstacles were made in the shape of trapezoid and were filled with sand particles with a diameter of one centimeter also salt were used to prepare the density current. In these experiments, the effect of inlet flow, flume slope and obstacle height on density current was investigated. Examining the variables of this study, it has been found that the reduction percentage of the density current head flux for the dimensionless ratio of height 1 is between 33.1 to 61%, for the dimensionless ratio of height 1.5 is between 43.2 to 63.3% and for the dimensionless ratio of height 2 is between 68.2 to It is 100%, also increasing the inlet flow ratio and flume slope increases the momentum of the current and thus reduces the efficiency of the obstacles. In addition, at the end, the density current head was modeled as linear and nonlinear regression.


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